Category Archives: social problems

Suicide Awareness and the affect on the bereavers


September is the month of suicide awareness. It is alarming that on average 1 person dies of suicide every 40 seconds across the globe as per World Health Organization’s (WHO) study. It’s been more than a decade since a very nearest and dearest person to me (which I would refer as X) committed suicide, leaving me dumbstruck till this age and changing my personality completely. Why? What? How? are the questions that often come in my mind, waking me up from sleep. Yes…I am a bereaver  and I keep thinking if and only if X told me what was going on in the mind and if I was a little older to comprehend situations, this dark reality could have been avoided.

I found myself a lot mature after this incidence and started viewing the world from a different angle not only because I was related to X but more due to how people’s attitude changed towards my surviving family. This made me realise that despite living in 21st century, suicide is still considered a taboo especially in the culture/country I belong and people view the beveaver  in a peculiar way. Instead of the people working towards the cause of suicide such as mental health issues, emotional, psychological breakdown, trauma etc. and developing detective, preventive and healing measures, most people including the educated class tend to shun the topic and hide the news of suicide. It is considered a gloomy topic which made me do research on it and its petrifying that even the world’s happiest countries including Norway and Finland suffer from a high suicide rate.

It is very important to firstly raise suicide awareness and deliver seminars in schools, colleges, universities and talk about it to public to teach people how to prevent suicide among their close ones. X in my case was suffering from psychological issue and a series of unfortunate events one after the other caused X to take this irreversible step. Its important to highlight that seeing a mental doctor is in no way different  to consulting any other doctor like a skin or an eye specialist and should not be a taboo (which is still the case in few Eastern countries). Secondly, the bereaved are mostly ill-treated by other people for no fault of their own and suffer from the sorrowful path when someone close to them leaves the world through suicide. There are suicide bereavement groups and talking to people who have suffered a similar loss is a good way to get rid of build up emotions which bereavers are not comfortable sharing with other people. It took me 10 whole years to become confident to talk about my story and raise suicide awareness. Undoubtedly, there are many stress in a person’s life and even small criticism or belittling can accumulate and be the reason for someone taking their life. Hence, it is important to be aware of the fact that suicide results in a large number of annual deaths with twice the number who think of committing one, we all play a role to spread positivety and take the person to counselor if you think he/she is depressed or having suicidal thoughts as well as supporting the bereavers who have suffered a huge and shocking loss.


It is important to note that most of the times a person commits suicide if he/she thinks death is the only escape from his/her problems. Usually, they talk about their issues with family/friends and should be given help on an immediate basis as counselling/treatment at the right time can increase the probability of saving life. Sometimes, they might not communicate their feelings but their actions can be an indication of something wrong and should be offered help.

*Here bereavers are those who have been closely attached with the person died of suicide.


International Students, Identity Crisis and Social Diaspora


In the modern day and time where the world has shrunk in distance and everyone is connected in the social space, it is common for students from one country to go to another country for the purpose of studying.  Two decades ago, it might have been unusual to do so and it was relatively harder for children especially from the country I come from to  convince parents and/or relatives to send them to a faraway land to seek education assuming  financial resources and the academic requirements weren’t the constraint factors. In the world we live in, people are more aware of the culture and traditions, thanks to the social media and the number of international students have increased tremendously. There is a great emphasis on the exchange programs, teaching and learning of new cultures, culminating the stereotypes and enhancing the exposure of the ‘now’ students. This is a good thing right? Absolutely, it is a great way to become a more tolerant and knowledgeable version of yourself and there was no better time to become globally aware than now.

However, international students are migrants even if temporary and just like other migrants, they too at time face identity crisis. In my opinion, having talked to many of my colleagues, students face greater problems, mental and psychological (compared to the migrated families) which they themselves are oblivious about. Many have great experience living on their own, making friends but also experience loneliness, homesickness, emotional breakdown sudden increase in responsibilities, language/accent barrier, difficulty in finding like-minded people and other issues settling in at some point in their stay. Transition phase might be short or long depending on their personalities but there are common problems every international student could relate to. Talking from my experience so far, I often question my identity as a Pakistani student living in Canada who is not so desi like the students I meet here from Pakistan as I have spent my teenage in Middle East (UAE and Saudi Arabia) but also not so angrez as the Canadian born students with a Pakistani heritage.  These migrations from country to country does lead to confusion, and again the two sides of migrating to developed nations for a better future can be debated for hours. I have seen the elderly missing their heritage and home countries but moved for security and better environment for children.  But there are those who are contented with their move and have no regrets. However, one thing I observed is that migration and re-settlement are difficult and the locals should appreciate and play their role in making the new comers feel at home. For students who are working hard not just academically but finding their path towards permanent residency, trying to find jobs and settle down should be helped by others especially those who were once migrants themselves and have been through the whole phase of identity/social crisis and dealt with it. When I first came here, I tried meeting people from Pakistani society and understand the system, get support but it seems people are busy in their own work and have little time for the new comers. Communities should be welcoming and open for the students belonging from their nation who came on their own and help them connect to the right people, mentors , career counsellor and help keep the culture alive at the same time because one thing impacted the most due to globalization is  amalgamation and blurred uniqueness of different cultures.


A letter to Pakistans’ youth


To the ‘NowJawaan’ of Pakistan,

As in recent weeks the country has been mourning over the loss of Amjad Sabri who was brutally shot dead and then the death of Eidhi, a great philanthropist, there is a lot of emotional distress that we all are facing. Moreover, if we look back at our history of 67 years, we have faced a lot of similar events such as the killing of Hakim Saeed who again was a philanthropist and a medical researcher and contributed tremendously to the benefit of Pakistan. Additionally, in the small span of Pakistan’s formation, a lot of minority people have lost their lives just because of religious intolerance and hatred. All these incidents, be it the killing of the Ahmedis, Shias or the legends, has weakened us as a country and engraved scars in our nation. Consequently, people have lost hope for a better future of our country and many others facing life threats have moved and settled abroad which has disintegrated our history.

We,the youth, often find our elders having serious political discussions as to how corrupted our leaders are, how much they loot the economy etc always reaching the same conclusion that ‘ Is mulk ka kuch nahi ho sakta’ and then the discussion ends or the topic is diverted to something else. Ever wonder, why don’t they take an action instead of mere talking? This is something that always strikes my mind because it is time for us to take an action if we want a positive difference in our country rather then just debating about it. Losing hope is not a solution to the crises our nation is plunged in. We, the youth, can make a difference by excelling in any field that we are interested in-be it sports, finance, teaching,music or any other field. We can represent our country and contribute towards improving the nation’s state. Every one’s loyalty and effort matters when it comes for the country’s betterment. I understand that we have a lot of pressure (parents expectations, study pressure etc) that at time we forget our responsibility as a citizen. For instance-just to save a little time some of us ride cars the wrong way-breaking the non-monitored traffic law, throw garbage on roads instead of finding a bin, lie to others to cover up the mistake we made- weakening our system of trust and relationship etc.

So in short I believe that instead of criticizing the public figures (who are also wrong on their part), we should work to  bring the change that every Pakistani dreams of experiencing and it always starts from improving ourselves. Always remember that the ‘Awaam’ is very powerful, after all we make up as a force of 16 crore of people (plus or minus a few). We can make a difference if we all ‘WILL’ for and eliminate the minute difference among us.

Have a good weekend! 🙂


From a concerned soul.

A plead

A plead

Its been almost 8 years since I left my hometown, Karachi. I still remember the day when I was bading goodbye to all my friends and the amazing teachers. At that time (back in 2008), Mustafa Kamal was the mayor of Karachi and he was constructing underpasses, overhead bridges and 4 lane roads. I along with the rest of the citizens had hope that the city which is the industrial hub of Pakistan will get improved and the lives of people will be at peace because of fewer traffic jams and congestion.

However the last time I visited Karachi , I literally (without a joke) had tears in my eyes. Coming from  airport to my apartment, all that I witnessed was vehicles coming from the wrong direction. Even the people who looked educated from their appearance were riding the wrong way. On service lane I noticed that cars were coming from both sides even though it was meant to be one-way. People were breaking the traffic signal and there was no police to monitor.

To see the condition of my city being deteriorated with passing days makes me feel sad and I feel like questioning the citizens. Obeying the traffic rules and proper law and order will not make people reach late to their offices, university or meetings. Then why do they not follow the rules? The very same individual who breaks signal here is extremely vigilant when he/she goes abroad in order to avoid the fine. Then why cant we all do the same in Karachi when it is our own city. Every single person can make a difference if he/she starts following rules rather than following the crowd.

The city which was at its peak in the 70’s during Bhutto’s regime and the map of which was used to make what Dubai is now is slowly being destroyed in front of our eyes,yet a little is being done. My point here is not to criticize anyone because I do acknowledge that a lot of good stuff has happened in past 8 years. For instance, Dolmen mall which is the biggest indoor shopping mall of the country has been built, there are a lot of amazing restaurants like Do-Darya and some resorts that have been built. There are also a lot of NGO’s being run to educate the poor. However my point is that we still need to do a lot in order to improve our city which has been attached with a negative connotation. Even within the country, people think of Karachi as a place which is overly crowded with all the terrorist activities going on.  For instance, every time I travel from Lahore airport, the guard stops me because I am from Karachi and checks my bag to make sure everything is fine. Like seriously?

When I visited Karachi last time I asked my uncle who was lamenting about the city’s condition that why don’t you do something? He was like, ‘Bass beti, ham kya kar sakte hain…hokumat kuch nahi karte…awaam behes hai…waghira waghira’

Why is it that we consider ourselves so helpless that we cant do something?? I question myself a lot of times because I know for sure that even though it is very hard for one single person to bring a change but at least we should give it a try. Also ager hokumat kuch nahi karti tou pehle baat, hum us hokumat ko vote kyun dete hain aur dosri baat…ager wo kuch nahi karti tou hum bhi tou chup hain. We should speak for our right. For example if traffic police is not performing the duty, we have the right to be protected against accidents and should protest to ensure they work properly. Lastly…those who say ‘awaam behes hai, they have become heartless etc.’ Aap bhi us awaam ka hissa hain tou instead of accusing others, one should start from himself.

Words aren’t enough of how much I love my city and I know that most of you do the same but we need to do something to improve the condition. To make it once again the pride of the nation and a tourist destination. That something need not be big, we all can start from ourselves…to obey the rules, to help the needy of the city, to plant trees on footpaths etc. As it was recently stated by Obama, ” Change will not come if we wait for some other person or some other time. We are the ones we’ve been waiting for. We are the change that we seek” .

Liebster Award


I would like to thank Vinne of evewanderer11 for nominating me for this. I really appreciate that you took interest in my blog and gave me the prestige for being nominated.

با تشکر, (that's what we say in Persian)liebster-award-logoSo the questions that my nominator asked were
  1. What is the main reason why you started blogging?

I always wanted to write about my new life experiences and stories. I tried maintaining a couple of diaries about my daily journals but in travelling and shifting houses, they both got lost. So I found blogging a better and convenient option. Moreover, I like to share my life experiences with others and relish to read  about others too, which is also one motivation for me to continue my blogging.

2.What sort of activity you really wanted to do but too afraid to do it?

I want to do all sorts of adventurous activities like scuba diving and free diving, however I am too scared to even try it. However, I might in future get training and get rid of my fear.

3.What is your favorite colour and why?

My favorite color is black. Its because I usually look pretty in black dresses (I have got a lot of compliments when I wear black) and also because it is the color of Khana-e Kaaba.

4.Do you believe in horoscope?

Yes, to some extent I do believe in horoscope. Our sign has an impact on us and the movement of stars can impact our future. Although it sounds very superstitious but I think even though we can control most of the things but there are few things which are not in our control. This is why there is a field of astronomy and there are people who study it.

5.Are you left handed or right handed?

I am left handed.

6.What do you like most, reading or writing?

I like reading more than writing 😛

7.Do you have any New Year resolution? please explain.

I dont like making any new Year resolutions unless I follow them precisely. All I believe is that with each passing year, I want to become a better me and to help the poors as much as I can.

8.What is your favorite season?

Spring is my favorite season when its neither too hot nor too cold. Also the city I currently resides in becomes so green and beautiful in spring.

9.If you have a million dollar what will you do to spend it and why?

I would want to visit the Disney World in Florida with my entire family as it has always remained my dad’s dream to take us to that place. Other than that, I really ( from all my hearts) want to help the poor Syrian refugees so I would  use that money to help them and to reduce their problems.

10.Taxi ride on a busy/traffic-jammed road or drive your own car?

Drive my own car.

11.What do you believe in?

I believe in God and I also believe that each one of us has been created for a special purpose and its about time we get to know what is it.

Here are my nominees, please check out their blogs as well 🙂

  1. Yasmin Elahi of yasminelahi.wordpress
  2. Life balance beam
  3. Your well wisher program
  4. vishaal Bheero
  5. Freekreborn of Twinkietalks

For my Dad


No matter how far I am from you,

I will always love you.

Its not the distance that matter, but the memories we have shared.

All the hard work you have work for me, all the knowledge you have given to me will not go in vain,

because I promise I will never let you down.

You are a diamond who has taught me all the good I know,

And I wish to be like you, to pass on your knowledge to the generation that is to come.

I am not a good expressor but I want you to know that you are my everything.

No matter where time takes me, whether the distance between us increases,

I will always and always love you.father day5



plz guys i need ur help. vote for my idea as i have participated in youth I need ur vote

the link is as followed:

or go to youth then vote& comments options and then vote for ideas.

my name of idea is platform for acid attack victims. it is an idea to support the victims of acid attack

The voice unheard, the tears and cries ignored…..


My fellow friends, today I am going to share with you people a bitter truth. I have been watching the news channels since my childhood and the word that is repeatedly heard is ‘Terrorism’. The word ‘terrorism’ has a negative connotation as it is associated with innocent killing, bloodbath, millions of deaths and loud cries for the lost ones. It creates an atmosphere of sadness and melancholy. Worse still, if a terrorist activity is performed in a third world country like Pakistan then the victims are not even condoled and compensated and their demands are suppressed.  If we talk about Karachi alone, more than thousands of terrorist activities have occurred in the last couple of decades. More than 1 million people have lost their lives, a lot of women have become widows and many more have lost their children. Furthermore, most of the people killed or injured were common civilians. The question that these common citizens are compelled to ask is that ‘why have they been victimized?’ I have seen plenty of videos showing the mothers crying for the killing of their family members without them being involved in any sort of political activity. They are totally broken and it could be felt from their voice. Additionally, in an ever busy city of Karachi I presume that about 80% of the civilians have witnessed or become the victim of petty crimes like stealing and robbery. Many of them have asked the government to compensate them for their loss and to improve the law and order of the city but most of the times their voices have been unheard or ignored. Students have raised the issue of terrorism in Pakistan on social networking sites like Facebook and Twitter but rarely any action has been taken to reduce these crimes and terrorist activities. I would like to end this article by saying that how many more people have to lose their life’s, how many mothers have to see the death of their sons in front of their eyes, how much more bloodshed  Karachi has to experience. It is important for government to wake up and work towards betterment or our country will experience a massive brain drain.  dream of seeing peace again in my country, harmony among the citizens and relationship based on trust and unity rather hatred among the different sectarian groups. (Amen)

drone attacks in pakistan


Can the continuation of U.S drone attacks in Pakistan be justified?

I would like to give credit to all the sites from which I have collected the information. 

Drones are the Unmanned Aerial Vehicles (UAVs) which operate autonomously by a pre-programmed mission(Freakyworld).The earliest recorded use of UAV for war fighting occurred on August 22,1849,when Austrians attacked Venice with unmanned balloons loaded with explosives(The Nation).Although drones have only recently been the subject of significant public debate, they are not new as their use can be traced back to World War I(Living under drones).As technology progressed, the drones were modified and were made smarter. Smaller drones were developed which could fly into unsafe areas like war zones and were able to drop bombs in a military strike (pacans).The question arises that, ‘what caused U.S to start the drone attacks in various countries?’It was after the September 11, 2001 attack on World Trade center when the Bush administration initiated drone strikes against suspected members of Al-Qaeda and the other armed groups. The CIA carried out its first targeted drone killing in 2002 in Afghanistan in an effort to kill Osama Bin Laden.Additionally, after the U.S invasion of Afghanistan, a number of Taliban fighters fled across the border and came into Pakistan in the regions of FATA and North Waziristan. This  in turn caused U.S to start drone attacks in Pakistan in 2004 in order to target the extremist group members which  have continued till date.Morever, the strikes have accelerated under Obama administration as he considers drone as an effective and precise technology to combat militant groups(Living under the Drones).Drone strikes have now become a key part of the US government to combat terrorism as it enables US to kill afar without any risk to the US citizens(Stanford, NYU Living under drones).It has been recorded by Bureao of Investigative journalism that there were 52 drone strikes under Bush administration whereas there have been 318 strikes under Obama administration until now.(TBIJ)

Furthermore, according to the research done by Stanford Law School, “the number of high level targets killed as a percentage of total casualties is extremely low-estimated at just two percent” (LivingUnderDrones) which shows the ineffectiveness of these drones. This compels one to ask that, ‘can the continuation of U.S drone attacks in Pakistan be justified?’ Despite the fact that Obama officials have announced to continue the drone strikes (Aljazeera), U.S government should be forced to dismiss this practice as the United Nations secretary general-Ban Ki Moon condemned them and stated that, “The use of armed drones, like any other weapon should be subject to long-standing rules of international law, including international humanitarian law”(Moon, addition, there have been hundreds of anti-drone protests all over Pakistan which shows that the civilians are unhappy by the U.S drone strikes and thus should be ceased due to their adverse effects. Although the supporters of U.S drone strikes argue that they help in killing the extremist group members, however; they cannot be justified because they destabilize Pakistan’s economy, result in massive civilian casualty and the chemicals from missiles cause fatal diseases to the population.

Advocates of drone strikes believe that they kill the extremist group members and thus help in eradicating terrorism from Pakistan’s soil. According to Sam Bollier, “11% of Pakistani’s have a favorable view about the US drones” (Bollier, Aljazeera).Moreover, Anoop Sarbahi, a political scientist at Stanford university stated that, “Drones disrupt and degrade the terrorist organizations and reduces their ability to conduct attacks” (Sarbahi, Aljazeera).The supporters of drone attacks believe that doing so eliminates the evil from its root and helps in bringing peace in the country. According to data compiled by the New America Foundation, since Obama has been in the White House, U.S. drones have killed an estimated 3,300 al Qaeda, Taliban, and other jihadist operatives in Pakistan and Yemen (Brookings). In addition, President Obama in his speech on drone policy stated that, “Drones are a cure of terrorism”(Obama, nytimes).Alas, the believe that drone attacks on Al Qaeda members and other groups result in declining terrorist activities is a false presumption. Drones on the extremist groups aggravate them and in fact causes their group to strengthen rather than disintegrate. In the entire decade of drone strikes, Pakistan has experienced an increase in terrorist rate. In 2006, there were three drone strikes and nine suicide bombing incidents in Pakistan. Whereas in 2007, the number of drones increased to five causing fifty seven suicide attacks (Tribune).Hence, this shows the relationship that the increase in drone attacks result in a rise in terrorism which heightens the risk for Pakistan.

Moreover, the drone strikes in the tribal areas of FATA and Waziristan have caused Taliban to leave that area and enter into other parts of Pakistan. According to Michael Rubin, “Drone strikes have driven many of the militant leaders out of the mountains, and into the dense urban jungles of the southern Punjab and Karachi,” (Rubin, Aljazeera).This shows that drones have been ineffective in targeting the right person and eliminating terrorism. The death of one militant causes the extremist group to hire more and to take revenge. Consequently, they plant more bombs with the immediate victim being Pakistani community and it also ruptures the country’s economic development. This can be proven from the fact that the killing of  Hakimullah Mehsud on November 1,2013 have caused Pakistani Taliban to vow to take an “unprecedented” revenge(ndtv) which means that targeting militants causes the remaining group members to retaliate and hence results in massive destruction. Pakistani ambassador, Masood Khan stated that, “Drones are a chilling reminder that reprisal strikes by terrorists are around the corner”(Khan, Dawn) .According to Imran Khan, the chairman of PTI, it is now time to hold peace talks with talibans rather than drone strikes in a hope of reducing the terrorist activities(Tribune).Therefore the notion that drones result in decrease in terrorism by killing Taliban and Al-Qaeda members is not true. Instead, every drone attack worsens the situation by causing the militants to result in more disaster in Pakistan and hence the continuation of drone strikes cannot be justified.

In addition, drone strikes destabilize Pakistan’s economy. The Prime Minister of Pakistan, Nawaz Sharif said that, “Drones are a violation to the country’s territorial integrity and they destabilize the whole economy” (Sharif, Dawn).These drone strikes have ruined the tribal regions and Waziristan completely. Moreover there has been a loss of massive property and the repeated attacks on houses, mosques, funerals and madrassa’s have made the entire place barren. For instance in June 2012, three houses were destroyed and 23 vehicles were badly damaged (TheNews). Professor Akbar Ahmed, the Ibn Khaldun Chair of Islamic Studies at American University and former Pakistan Ambassador to the United Kingdom stated that, “this has caused a large number of local populations to flee their homes and these destitute communities are now scattered in the bigger cities. However it is difficult for them to survive due to limited financial resources” (Ahmed, The cost of our drone war). Also, these tribal men are unable to find jobs which affect the economy of Pakistan in an adverse manner. As a result, the victims suffer from extreme economic hardships. The attacks on madrassas and schools have made the children scared of going to schools which has destroyed the education system in these areas.Faheem Qureshi, a resident of North Waziristan stated in an interview that, “Drones have affected our education adversely, of course… we cannot learn things because we are always in fear of the drones hovering over us, and it really scares the small kids who go to school” (Qureshi, Living under drones). Most often the staff and the teachers also do not come to schools because of the constant threat of drone attack which has completely distorted the education system in the tribal zones. Additionally, Pakistan’s economic outlook has taken stagnation and because of the insecurity and instability there has been a decline in Foreign Direct Investment (FDI) in Pakistan (Passive voices).   Moreover, the economy of Pakistan has further been destabilized due to the drone strikes in settled areas of Khyber Paktunkhwa. According to Professor Akbar Ahmed, “These attacks have broken the fragile link between the Pakhtun tribes and Pakistan’s central government, violated their tribal code of honor and destabilized their hierarchy”(Ahmed, The cost of our drone war).There was a drone strike in Bannu district of KPK a few years ago and recently there was an attack in Hangu near a Degree college which flared the residents (Nation).These attacks have caused Paktuns to go against the government as they have lost their faith in the state. Drones have overall weakened the economy and disintegrated the unity between the communities. This is the reason that PTI chairmen, Imran Khan held a rally and protested againt drone attacks. Thus, the continuous drone attacks have destabilized the government and the economy which is one of the reasons why Imran Khan and Nawaz Sharif are pressuring US to cease the attacks by blocking the NATO supply from reaching the American soldiers in Afghanistan (World. time).

 Furthermore, drone strikes result in a high civilian casualty which makes the continued use of them unjustified. From the data collected by Bureau of Investigative Journalism, “From June 2004 through mid September 2012, approximately 500 civilians have been killed of which 176 were children (Stanford NYU Living under drones). Also there are several unreported strikes which would have killed even greater number of civilians (Stanford NYU Living under drones).This shows that drones have been counterproductive in killing the target and instead result in the killing of bystanders, many of whom have no idea about America and the Al-Qaeda. On 30th October, 2006 there was an attack on madrassa in Waziristan which took the lives of 69 innocent children who were under the age of 17(Tribune).There was also a drone strike in June 2006 near Datta Khel which killed the young miners and woodcutters (Stanford NYU Living under drones).Moreover, Momina Bibi who was the grandmother of Nabila died in 2012 due to the explosion from drone while she was out of the home picking okra and her body was blown into pieces. A second strike minutes later injured family members tending her (Telegraph).The killing of any ones child or a family member is unjustified and is prohibited by the international humanitarian law. Amnesty international announced that the drone attacks result in unlawful killings that contribute in extra judicial executions and war crimes(daily mail).Therefore drones are a striking failure of technology as they are inaccurate in targeting the right person and result in massive collateral damage (the guardian).

Additionally, the killing of hundreds of civilians in Pakistan by a remote control cannot be justified while in US the government morns for even the death of a single US citizen. For example: President Obama condemned the Boston bombing which occurred on April 15, 2013 killing three US citizens (BBC).Obama stated in his speech that, “The American people will say a prayer for Boston tonight and Michelle and I send our deepest thoughts and prayers to the families of the victims in the wake of this senseless loss”( Obama, question put forward is that, ‘why should the world remain silent for the death of the civilians in drone attack?’ Drones are unjustified because it takes the lives of many civilians, most of whose death is not even recorded and hence the world should not remain silent. Benjamin, the leading anti-war activist reported an incident that, “In one village, the Americans thought a wedding party was a Taliban gathering. One minute, forty-three relatives were joyously celebrating and the next minute, their appendages were hanging off the limbs of trees” (Drone Warfare, 3).This once again proves the ineffectiveness of drones and the massive loss of innocent lives. The report stated that, “To accept such a policy would be to endorse state practices that fundamentally undermine crucial human rights protections that have been painstakingly developed over more than a century of international law-making,” (The guardian).Also, Pakistan’s UN ambassador Masood Khan stated that, “The killing of unarmed ,innocent civilians is a clear breach of international law” (Khan, nation).Hence, the continuation of US drone attacks is against humanity and cannot be justified as civilians are indiscriminately killed under heavy drone assaults ( research).

Another reason for which drone attacks cannot be justified is that the chemicals from missile of drone strikes cause fatal diseases and psychological trauma to the remaining   population. Pakistani physicians have revealed that the deadly chemical materials used in the missiles have caused the survivors to suffer from complicated skin, eye and respiratory diseases(Press TV).The journalist, Safdar Dawar told that, “Since these drone strikes have been carried out, peculiar disease cases have been witnessed, and the press club have been frequently visited by those complainants, who have developed skin and bronchial diseases in the aftermath of drone airstrikes”(Dawar, Press TV).In addition, the radiation from these chemical explosion  cause fatal diseases. An expert from Waziristan told that his daughter died of blood cancer soon after she had developed a skin disease, which occurred due to the poisonous effect of chemical substances used in the non-UN-sanctioned drone strikes (Press TV).Missiles fired from drones release powerful waves which are capable of crushing the internal organs. The people who survive the drone strikes suffer from limb amputation and disfiguring burns and shrapnel wounds.A survivor of drone attack who lost her legs in the explosion told Benjamin (an anti war activist) in an interview that it is better to die because surviving as a crippled widow with no income and no family was too much to bear (Drone Warfare page 3).

Also, the frequent drone strikes in Waziristan have traumatized the civilians. The survey done by Stanford law school and NYU found out from the mental health professionals in Pakistan that there have been several cases of Post Traumatic Stress Disorder among their patients in Waziristan due to the constant presence of drones (Stanford NYU Living under drones).Drones fly at a visible height and their continuous presence in the sky frightens the people. Ismail Hussaini, a resident of Waziristan told the interviewer that, “Before this we were all very happy. We lived a very good life. But after these drones attacks a lot of people are victims and  have developed mental illnesses”(Hussaini, Living under drones).Dawood Ishaq, another resident stated that “people are scared of coming out of their house as they can hear the circling of drone in the sky. People know that they can be the next target” (Ishaq, Living under drones).There is a constant buzzing in the sky which cause people to avoid going out.In addition, drones have left deep scars on the population (Amnesty International). Dr Peter Schaapveld, a clinical and forensic psychologist reported that drone strikes are having an adverse psychological impact on children especially. The children are always traumatized, suffer from a form of phychological torture and are unable to form relationship or play with other children (Schaapveld, Chanel4).In addition, the witnessing of drone strikes and the destruction taking place will have a devastating impact on the personality development of children. Therefore drones affect the lives of the survivors in a detrimental manner. The lethal chemicals result in deadly diseases and witnessing such incident develop emotional trauma and anxiety among the victims which makes it difficult for them to lead a normal life. Hence, drones cannot be justified under any circumstances as they are affecting the lives of the future generations in a negative way.

Despite the fact that drone strikes kill the Al-Qaeda leaders and Taliban members, however drones have proven counterproductive as they aggravate the extremists to carry out more terrorist activities. Moreover, drone strikes destabilizes Pakistan’s economy, cause enormous civilian casualty and the chemicals from missile cause fatal diseases. Therefore the continuation of U.S drone strikes in Pakistan cannot be justified because it has more disadvantages. In conclusion, Pakistan’s government should pressurize U.S to cease the drone strikes which will be for the betterment of the entire Pakistan’s economy as Naeema Kishwar Khan,a member of JUI urged to stop the drone attacks as they are the violation of the UN Charter, humanitarian norms and International laws(the news).